IBD is associated with malnutrition in a high percentage of patients. The causes of malnutrition in IBD are multifactorial: decreased food intake, maldigestion, malabsorption, altered metabolism, increased requirements, increased losses and drug:nutrient interactions.
• Malnutrition in IBD includes protein-calorie malnutrition as well as deficiencies of vitamins and minerals
• Nutrition in IBD includes supportive therapies intended to correct deficiencies, diet as primary therapy and specialized roles for nutrition support (i.e., short bowel syndrome, fistulae and growth failure).
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WHAT IT IS A three-phase plan that has been likened to the low-carbohydrate Atkins program because during the first two weeks, South Beach eliminates most carbs, including bread, pasta, potatoes, fruit and most dairy products. In PHASE 2, healthy carbs, including most fruits, whole grains and dairy products are gradually reintroduced, but processed carbs such as bagels, cookies, cornflakes, regular pasta and rice cakes remain on the list of foods to avoid or eat rarely.