Malignancy is the most feared complication of celiac disease, but more concerning than the risk of malignancy are other, more common complications of celiac disease that can develop when celiac disease is not recognized and/or treated. These include osteopenic bone disease, growth retardation in children, iron deficiency and other nutritional deficiencies. There are also issues related to fertility including increased rates of infertility, spontaneous abortions and intrauterine growth retardation that are associated with untreated celiac disease [21-24]. There is some suggestion that untreated celiac disease may be complicated by developing other autoimmune diseases at a higher rate than expected, but this may only be true in children, and even then, not all studies support this observation. Complications of the malabsorption associated with celiac disease include metabolic bone disease, anemia and other manifestations of nutritional deficiencies. Celiac patients may also develop hyposplenism with splenic atrophy, Howell Jolly bodies, thrombocytosis and deformed erythrocytes. In general, these malabsorptive complications respond to the institution of a gluten-free diet and correction of nutritional deficits .
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What Is The Gluten Free Diet And What You Need To Know Before You Try It. You may have heard the term gluten free, and you may even have a general idea as to what it means to eat a gluten free diet. Most people believe this type of diet is a curse for those who simply cannot tolerate the protein known as gluten, as they will never be able to eat any food that contains wheat, rye, barley, malts, or triticale.