Prevention and Treatment

There are no proven preventive measures. Studies on the use of yogurt by mouth or vaginally to restore vaginal lactobacilli have given conflicting results. Treatment of the male sex partners of patients with recurrent disease does not prevent recurrences. Most cases respond promptly to treatment with metronidazole, a medication active against anaerobes. The main features of bacterial vaginosis are summarized in table 25.3.

Vulvovaginal Candidiasis

Vulvovaginal candidiasis is the second most common cause ofvagi-nal symptoms after bacterial vaginosis. As with bacterial vaginosis, vulvovaginal candidiasis appears to follow a disruption of normal flora. As the name indicates, the infection often involves not only the vagina, but the woman's vulva, or external genitalia, as well.

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

This fact sheet is designed to provide you with information on Bacterial Vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis is an abnormal vaginal condition that is characterized by vaginal discharge and results from an overgrowth of atypical bacteria in the vagina.

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