Prevention and Treatment

Effective measures for preventing cryptosporidiosis are limited to careful monitoring ofmunicipal water supplies, pasteurization of liquids for human consumption, and sanitary disposal of human and animal feces. Food handlers with diarrhea should not handle food until symptom-free, and all food handlers should adhere to handwashing and other sanitary measures. Immunodeficient individuals are advised to avoid contact with animals, to boil or filter drinking water using a one micrometer or smaller pore size filter, and to avoid recreational water activities. No satisfactory treatment exists for cryptosporidiosis, although a combination of two antibiotics, paromomycin and azithromycin, has helped control the disease in some AIDS patients.

The main features of cryptosporidiosis are shown in table 24.14.

Cyclosporiasis

Cyclosporiasis first came to medical attention in the late 1980s, with widely scattered epidemics of severe diarrhea. For several years, the causative organism was known only as a "cyanobacterium-like body." Later, the bodies were shown to be the oocysts of a coc-cidian protozoan which was named Cyclospora cayetanensis. ■ cyanobacteria, p. 278

Was this article helpful?

0 0
How To Bolster Your Immune System

How To Bolster Your Immune System

All Natural Immune Boosters Proven To Fight Infection, Disease And More. Discover A Natural, Safe Effective Way To Boost Your Immune System Using Ingredients From Your Kitchen Cupboard. The only common sense, no holds barred guide to hit the market today no gimmicks, no pills, just old fashioned common sense remedies to cure colds, influenza, viral infections and more.

Get My Free Audio Book


Post a comment