Prevention and Treatment

Prevention of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is based on minimizing exposure to rodents and dusts contaminated by them. Food for humans and pets should be kept in containers. Buildings should be made mouse-proofifpossible, and maximal ventilation is advisable when cleaning a rodent-infested area. Mopping with a disinfectant solution is preferable to use of brooms and vacuum cleaners, because the latter two stir up dust. Lethal traps and poisons may be necessary to decrease the rodent population in the area. When camping, a tent with a floor should be used. There is no proven antiviral treatment for this highly fatal disease.

The main features of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome are summarized in table 23.13.

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