Attention to cleanliness and maintenance of normal dryness of the skin and nails effectively prevent most dermatophyte infec-
22.5 Skin Diseases Caused by Fungi 557
Figure 22.27 Dermatophytosis (a) Tinea pedis, usually caused by species of Trichophyton. (b) Large boat-shaped spores of Microsporum gypseum, a cause of scalp ringworm in children.
tions. Powders, open shoes, changing of socks, and application of alcohol after bathing may help prevent toenail infections. Numerous prescription and over-the-counter medications are promoted for treating dermatophytoses, and most are effective for treating superficial skin infections. Nail infections are often very difficult to cure, requiring taking medication by mouth for months, and sometimes surgical removal of the nail.
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