Infectious disease control nationwide depends heavily on a network of people and agencies across the country that monitors disease development. It is partly because of the success of this network that infectious diseases do not claim more lives in the United States.
The National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and is located in Atlanta, Georgia. It provides support for infectious disease laboratories in the United States and abroad and collects data on diseases of public health importance. Each week, the CDC publishes a booklet, the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), which summarizes the status of a number of diseases (figure 20.8). The MMWR is now available online (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/), making it readily accessible to anyone in the world.
The number of new cases of over 50 notifiable diseases is reported to the CDC by individual states (table 20.2). The diseases that are considered notifiable are determined through collaborative efforts of the CDC and state health departments.
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