Microcheck 151

First-line defenses are the initial obstacles that microbes must overcome to invade the tissues. Within the body are sensor systems such as toll-like receptors and the complement system that recognize when the barriers have been breached. Phagocytic cells engulf foreign material; they can communicate with other cells via cytokines. Inflammation is a coordinated response to invasion or tissue damage.

■ How do cytokines function?

■ Describe the dual roles played by some types of phagocytes.

■ What types of molecules that are unique to microbes might toll-like receptors recognize?

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

This fact sheet is designed to provide you with information on Bacterial Vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis is an abnormal vaginal condition that is characterized by vaginal discharge and results from an overgrowth of atypical bacteria in the vagina.

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