Base analog Example: 5-bromouracil

Incorporates in place of normal nucleotide in DNA

Base substitution

Intercalating agents Example: ethidium bromide

Inserts between base pairs

Addition or subtraction of base pairs

Chemical modification of bases Examples: nitrous acid

Converts amino group to keto group in adenine and cytosine

Base substitution

alkylating agents

Adds alkyl groups (CH3 and others) to nitrogenous bases such as guanine

Base substitution


Random insertion into any gene

Knockout mutations


Was this article helpful?

0 0
You Are What You Eat

You Are What You Eat

Nutrition is a matter that people spend their careers learning about and requires volumes of books to explain. My objective is to instruct you how to consume a healthy nutritional diet that aids your body in burning off fat instead of storing it. You do not require overwhelming science to get this.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment