Ultraviolet (UV)

Intrastrand thymine dimer formation

Base substitution

X rays

Single- and double-strand breaks in DNA

Deletion of bases Knockout mutations

the double helix, and the DNA is damaged. DNA cannot be replicated nor can genes be transcribed beyond this site of damage. As a result, the cells could die. How then can UV light be mutagenic? The major mutagenic action of UV light, results from the cell's attempt to repair the damage by a mechanism termed SOS repair (see the next section). ■ gene transcription, p. 173

X Rays

X rays cause several types of damage: single- and double-strand breaks in DNA, and alterations to the bases. Double-strand breaks often result in deletions that are lethal.

Table 8.1 summarizes information on the common mutagens.

Supplements For Diabetics

Supplements For Diabetics

All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment