Wild type

Figure 8.1 Base Substitution Shown here is the generation of a mutant organism as a result of the incorporation of a pyrimidine base (cytosine) in place of thymine in DNA replication.The mutation is a missense mutation.

neously from one site to another in the same or different DNA molecules, a process called transposition. Any gene into which a transposable element inserts itself is disrupted, so that it no longer codes for a functional protein. The gene usually suffers a knockout mutation in transposition. The structure and biology of transposons will be considered later in this chapter.



Nester-Anderson-Roberts: I I. Life and Death of I 8. Bacterial Genetics I I © The McGraw-Hill

Microbiology, A Human Microorganisms Companies, 2003

Perspective, Fourth Edition

194 Chapter 8 Bacterial Genetics Wild type


Direction of transcription and translation 5'

C— G— G— U— A— C— G— U— U— A— A— A— G—

Amino acid


Nucleotide added-C

Detox Diet Basics

Detox Diet Basics

Our internal organs, the colon, liver and intestines, help our bodies eliminate toxic and harmful  matter from our bloodstreams and tissues. Often, our systems become overloaded with waste. The very air we breathe, and all of its pollutants, build up in our bodies. Today’s over processed foods and environmental pollutants can easily overwhelm our delicate systems and cause toxic matter to build up in our bodies.

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