Epidemiology

Chlamydial genital infections lead all reportable bacterial infectious diseases. In contrast to gonorrhea, the number of reported chlamy-

dial infections has tended to rise each year, probably a reflection of increased awareness of the disease and better diagnostic tests. Still only a fraction of the total cases, estimated at 4 million per year in the United States, is reported by physicians to public health departments. More than 14% of sexually active high school and college women were asymptomatic carriers of C. trachomatis in one study. Non-sexual transmission of this agent also occurs, for example, in non-chlorinated swimming pools. Newborn babies of infected mothers often develop chlamydial ophthalmia neonatorum, also called inclusion conjunctivitis, and pneumonia from C. trachomatis infection contracted during passage through the birth canal.

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

This fact sheet is designed to provide you with information on Bacterial Vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis is an abnormal vaginal condition that is characterized by vaginal discharge and results from an overgrowth of atypical bacteria in the vagina.

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