Treatment of the underlying cause

After the life-threatening situation has been resolved by catheter or surgical drainage of the collection, the cause should be sought and corrected where possible, for example appropriate antibiotic therapy for a bacterial etiology or surgical repair of a myocardial laceration.


Shoemaker, W.C. (1975). Algorithm for early recognition and management of cardiac tamponade. Critical Care Medicine, 3, 59-63.

Shoemaker, W.C. (1995). Pericardial tamponade. In Textbook of critical care (3rd edn) (ed. S.M. Ayres, A. Grenvik, P. Holbrook, and W.C. Shoemaker), pp. 562-7. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA. Yao, S.T., Vanecko, R.M., Printen, K., and Shoemaker, W.C. (1968). Penetrating wounds of the heart: a review of 80 cases. Annals of Surgery, 168, 67-78.

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