Heart failure should be treated swiftly. The presence of any marker of severity as outlined above should prompt a more aggressive and interventionist approach to both monitoring and therapy. Etiology can usually be ascertained rapidly from history, examination, and investigations including electrocardiography, chest radiography, echocardiography, and biochemistry (cardiac enzymes). Specific diagnoses warrant specific treatments, for example thrombolysis for myocardial infarction (unless contraindicated), antiarrhythmics or cardioversion for any compromising arrhythmia, pericardiocentesis for tamponade, and valve replacement for significant valvular stenosis.

Your Heart and Nutrition

Your Heart and Nutrition

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