The gastrointestinal and hepatic systems

4.1 Normal physiology

4...11T.h.e..l gastrointestinal system

U. Haglund

4.1.2..The.l hepaticsystem

4.2 Gastrointestinal hemorrhage

4..2.1..upper .gastrointestinal ..hemorrhage

4.3 The acute abdomen

M^jschemic .bowel

A. Marston

4.3.3..lntra-abdominal. sepsis

4..3.l4...A.cute.l acalculous .cholecystitis

4.4 Pancreatitis

Md.Pathophysiology.l and, .diagnosis

T. Dugernier, M. S. Reynaert

4.4.2Conservativel ..m.an.ag.em.en.i

T. Dugernier, P. J. Kestens

MlLSumical ..manageme,ni

4.5 Disordered gastric motility

4.5.1 Vomiting

4.5.2 Large nasogastric aspirates

4.5.4 Diarrhea

4.5.5 Constipation

4.6 Jaundice

4.7 Acute hepatic failure

4.7.1 Pathophysiology and causes

R. Williams

F. Hawker

J. Wendon

^.liMMagemeni oLcompMcMiiSns

F. Hawker

4..I.SiiiIh.e.ii effect ofiiacutehepaticiifailure iionidrugihandling

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