Suffering is invariably associated with pain, but suffering and pain are distinct and may occur independently. Suffering includes disruption of mood, thoughts, plans, and sense of well being. There may be economic distress, family/marital problems, and various losses resulting from the impact of pain on the patient's life. Disruption of the sleeping cycle, anger, anxiety, helplessness, and the side-effects of medication may add to demoralization and increased suffering. To some extent the degree of suffering is related to the adequacy of the patient's coping skills. Patients who 'catastrophize' about their pain tend to suffer more than those who do not.

Anxiety and Depression 101

Anxiety and Depression 101

Everything you ever wanted to know about. We have been discussing depression and anxiety and how different information that is out on the market only seems to target one particular cure for these two common conditions that seem to walk hand in hand.

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