Suffering is invariably associated with pain, but suffering and pain are distinct and may occur independently. Suffering includes disruption of mood, thoughts, plans, and sense of well being. There may be economic distress, family/marital problems, and various losses resulting from the impact of pain on the patient's life. Disruption of the sleeping cycle, anger, anxiety, helplessness, and the side-effects of medication may add to demoralization and increased suffering. To some extent the degree of suffering is related to the adequacy of the patient's coping skills. Patients who 'catastrophize' about their pain tend to suffer more than those who do not.

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

The Ultimate Guide To Overcoming Fear And Getting Breakthroughs. Fear is without doubt among the strongest and most influential emotional responses we have, and it may act as both a protective and destructive force depending upon the situation.

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