Each patient bed area in an open ward requires a minimum floor space of 21 m2 (225 ft2) (SCCM 1995). There should be a corridor space of at least 2 m (6.6 ft)
adjacent to each open-ward bay. Single rooms require a floor space of at least 23 m2 (250 ft2), and should be square or rectangular with a minimum length of 4.5 m (15 ft). Isolation rooms require an additional anteroom of area at least 1.9 m 2 (20 ft2) for hand-washing and gowning. Doors into single rooms must be large enough to allow easy passage of beds (particularly orthopedic beds) and equipment. Positive/negative-pressure air conditioning for isolation rooms is expensive and of questionable value. This facility should be equipped for only one or two rooms. However, facilities to dispose of body wastes and contaminated items should be available in all isolation rooms.
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