Patients with scoliosis sufficiently severe to warrant surgical intervention usually present in adolescence. These patients often have cardiopulmonary disease. The most common problems are a restrictive ventilatory pattern associated with altered lung volumes, ventilation-perfusion defects, and pulmonary vascular changes. Hypoxemia may occur, and significant ventilation-perfusion mismatch may lead to pulmonary hypertension. The incidence of cardiac anomalies is higher than normal in patients with scoliosis, with mitral valve prolapse occurring in up to 30 per cent. After corrective surgery patients should recover in a high-dependency or intensive care unit as ongoing neurological assessment is mandatory. Patients with known respiratory compromise may require a period of postoperative ventilation.

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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