Minute volume is always increased in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis unless they are unconscious. This is a compensatory ventilatory response to the acidosis. Ketoacids are produced as a direct result of the lack of insulin and lactate due to generalized ischemia. The gas exchange needs to be assessed with arterial blood gases and underlying respiratory pathology excluded.

A chest radiograph may show hyperinflated lung fields consistent with hyperventilation. It may also point to precipitating illness, such as congestive cardiac failure or a pneumonia.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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