In addition to its higher blood flow per weight than other vital organs, the kidney exhibits a higher rate of oxygen consumption than all other organs except the heart. The kidney normally plays a major role in the catabolism of low-molecular-weight proteins (insulin, glucagon, PTH). Reductions in glomerular filtration rate reduce protein filtration, hence decreasing renal protein catabolism and elevating plasma protein levels. Renal degradation of larger proteins (albumin) is normally minimal, although increased protein excretion (nephrotic syndrome) significantly enhances intrarenal protein catabolism.
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All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.