Other treatments

Other symptomatic treatments for diarrhea include kaolin, which may act as a fluid adsorbent, and fiber, although there is no evidence that added fiber affects the frequency of diarrhea in patients needing intensive care ( Hart and D°b,b.,l,988).

Indomethacin can be useful in diarrhea associated with radiation enteritis, cholestyramine can be used when diarrhea is caused by bile acids, and pancreatic enzymes have a specific effect on diarrhea caused by pancreatic insufficiency and malabsorption.

The biotherapeutic agents Enterococcus fecium SF68, Lactobacillus casei GG, and Saccharomyces boulardii have reduced diarrhea in infectious or antibiotic-associated diarrhea. S. bouldardii reduces the frequency of diarrhea in critically ill tube-fed patients ( BJ,elcbBei..,§t§.l 19,97) and appears to be useful in recurrent Clostridium difficile infection.

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