Nonspecific treatment

When anaphylaxis is suspected a high concentration of oxygen should be administered and intravenous access secured as rapidly as possible. Continuing exposure to the antigen should be stopped. Electrocardiography is the first monitoring priority as it increases the safety of administration of epinephrine. If the patient is unconscious the airway should be secured prior to the development of edema.

If the patient is pulseless external cardiac compression is instituted. Military antishock trousers are helpful in supporting blood pressure in some patients and have been helpful in patients not responding to epinephrine; however, they are not a substitute for fluid and vasopressors.

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Sleep Apnea

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