The use of unmodified ICU or theater monitoring equipment is probably not realistic as its size and weight precludes a mobile role. Portable equipment measuring individual variables is available, as are combined units measuring a wide range of functions. The advantages and disadvantages of such equipment revolve around the combined size, total weight, and complexity of individual units against potential loss of all monitoring when a single main unit malfunctions. The battery life of the transport equipment need not be long (2-3 h) provided that the power cable is of sufficient length to reach the wall where the transfer is occurring. Multiple-plug extension boards should be avoided as there is a potential for current leakage between medical monitoring equipment directly connected to the patient ( Hull 1993).

For in-hospital transfers the patient's bed will usually be sufficiently mobile and so the extra equipment needed may be attached.

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