Key messages

• The pharmacology of crystalloid solutions depends primarily on their salt content and osmolality.

• Approximately 20 to 25 per cent of infused 0.9 per cent saline will remain intravascular, whereas approximately 10 per cent of infused 5 per cent glucose will remain intravascular.

• Crystalloid fluids are used to provide the daily requirements of water and electrolytes.

• Smaller volumes of colloid are required for resuscitation with less contribution to edema.

• The volume required for correction of hypovolemia is determined by the hemodynamic effect of the fluid given.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

Have You Been Told Over And Over Again That You Snore A Lot, But You Choose To Ignore It? Have you been experiencing lack of sleep at night and find yourself waking up in the wee hours of the morning to find yourself gasping for air?

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