Key messages

• Patients with chronic renal failure must be considered as having a multisystem disease which is likely to complicate their management following admission to the intensive care unit.

• The aims of management are twofold: firstly, conservation of renal function since any further loss is often irrecoverable; secondly, protection of the patient from underlying cardiovascular disease, coagulopathy, and predisposition to gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

• Other factors, such as malnutrition, immune depression, and endocrine and metabolic abnormalities, can complicate both diagnosis and management.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

Have You Been Told Over And Over Again That You Snore A Lot, But You Choose To Ignore It? Have you been experiencing lack of sleep at night and find yourself waking up in the wee hours of the morning to find yourself gasping for air?

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