Key messages

• Acid-base balance is maintained by buffers, the most important of which is the bicarbonate-carbon dioxide system.

• Metabolic acidosis is due to loss of bicarbonate or gain of hydrogen ions.

• Acid is secreted and bicarbonate is reclaimed and regenerated by the kidneys; ammoniagenesis and secretion by the kidneys is crucial.

• Acidemia (lowering of systemic pH) can produce intracellular acidosis which causes widespread organ dysfunction, particularly in the cardiovascular system.

• Metabolic acidosis is classified on the basis of the anion gap (the difference between measured cations and anions) as normal or increased anion gap acidosis.

Kicking Fear And Anxiety To The Curb

Kicking Fear And Anxiety To The Curb

Kicking Fear And Anxiety To The Curb Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life And Success. Learn About Calming Down And Gain Power By Learning Ways To Become Peaceful And Create Amazing Results.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment