Key messages

• Corrosive ingestion causes a spectrum of clinical effects ranging from insignificant oral erythema to full-thickness esophageal burns with perforation and rapid death.

• Development of esophageal strictures is seen in up to 70 per cent of patients following deep esophageal ulceration.

• Most corrosive incidents involve acids and alkalis which destroy tissues by various mechanisms including ionization, oxidation, reduction, and denaturation of cellular components.

• Early endoscopy is mandatory in all cases where significant ingestion may have occurred.

• Corticosteroids may reduce the incidence of strictures in patients with second- and third-degree burns.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

Have You Been Told Over And Over Again That You Snore A Lot, But You Choose To Ignore It? Have you been experiencing lack of sleep at night and find yourself waking up in the wee hours of the morning to find yourself gasping for air?

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