Key messages

• Severe hyperphosphatemia is rare.

• The most common causes of hyperphosphatemia are renal failure and transcellular shift from intracellular to extracellular fluid.

• Clinical effects are often due to concommitant hypocalcemia.

• Treatment commences with elucidating etiology.

• Further treatment consists of decreasing phosphate load, increasing renal excretion, or causing transcellular shifts from extracellular to intracellular fluid.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

Have You Been Told Over And Over Again That You Snore A Lot, But You Choose To Ignore It? Have you been experiencing lack of sleep at night and find yourself waking up in the wee hours of the morning to find yourself gasping for air?

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