Key messages

• Analgesia and sedation are primarily independent goals of intensive care therapy.

• Inadequate analgesia may result in increased morbidity.

• Parenteral opioids are the mainstay of effective pain therapy.

• The different pharmacological properties of the opioids have to be considered during long-term administration.

• Ketamine offers advantages in hemodynamically unstable patients and in those with opioid-induced constipation.

• The synergistic action of clonidine with most central analgesics and sedatives is increasingly used to facilitate analgesia and sedation and to prevent the development of tolerance.

• Although central neuraxial blocks provide powerful analgesia, the possible benefits in ventilated patients have to be carefully weighed against the possible risks.

Kicking Fear And Anxiety To The Curb

Kicking Fear And Anxiety To The Curb

Kicking Fear And Anxiety To The Curb Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life And Success. Learn About Calming Down And Gain Power By Learning Ways To Become Peaceful And Create Amazing Results.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment