Key messages

• Narcotics and drugs with anticholinergic properties account for a large proportion of drug-induced confusional states. The first step in treating drug-induced delirium is to stop the offending drug and to find an alternative compound without similar adverse effects.

• The successful treatment of withdrawal-induced agitation and confusion requires the replacement of the same substance or a cross-reacting compound with less adverse effects and a better pharmacokinetic profile.

• When a specific cause of agitation and confusion cannot be identified or corrected, it is still important to stabilize the patient and to ensure his or her safety.

• Haloperidol, a high-potency neuroleptic of the butyrophenone class that blocks postsynaptic D 2 dopamine receptors, has an extensive record of safety and efficacy in critically ill patients and is most often used to treat the agitated delirious patient.

• Agitation due to panic attacks, generalized anxiety, or fear of being in the ICU should be treated primarily with a benzodiazepine.

Healthy Fat Loss For A Longer Life

Healthy Fat Loss For A Longer Life

What will this book do for me? A growing number of books for laymen on the subject of health have appeared in the past decade. Never before has there been such widespread popular interest in medical science. Learn more within this guide today and download your copy now.

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