Key messages

• Owing to the physiological and chronological age of most vascular patients, and their associated medical conditions, a thorough preoperative evaluation is required if possible with invasive monitoring as needed perioperatively.

• Prolonged hyper- or hypotension, focal neurological deficits, or wound hematomas after carotid surgery prompt not only re-evaluation but also monitoring in the intensive care unit.

• Abdominal aortic reconstruction can lead to distal embolization, thrombosis, renal failure, and ischemic colitis.

• Prophylaxis against deep venous thrombosis is stratified based on risk and should begin prior to surgery.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

Have You Been Told Over And Over Again That You Snore A Lot, But You Choose To Ignore It? Have you been experiencing lack of sleep at night and find yourself waking up in the wee hours of the morning to find yourself gasping for air?

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