Key messages

• Echocardiography allows easy, prompt, and accurate identification of most of the critical cardiac injuries that occur in the intensive care unit.

• Transesophageal echocardiography is technically easy and generally safe to perform in intubated critically ill patients.

• Doppler echocardiography allows assessment of the complications of myocardial infarction, acute valve disease, endocarditis, massive pulmonary embolism, and aortic diseases.

• Examples of useful applications of Doppler echocardiography include diagnosis of right-to-left shunting in unexplained hypoxemia, assessment of chest trauma, and assessment of brain-dead patients as possible organ donors.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

Have You Been Told Over And Over Again That You Snore A Lot, But You Choose To Ignore It? Have you been experiencing lack of sleep at night and find yourself waking up in the wee hours of the morning to find yourself gasping for air?

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