Key messages

• Clinical diagnosis of raised intracranial pressure is made when pressure is above 20 mmHg, i.e. twice normal.

• Symptoms include headache, vomiting, dizziness, changes in mental function, and visual disturbances.

• Typical clinical signs are papilledema, cranial nerve palsies, neck stiffness, bradycardia, and hypertension (Cushing's response).

• Investigations include skull radiography, CT scan, magnetic resonance imaging, and direct measurement of intracranial pressure.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

Have You Been Told Over And Over Again That You Snore A Lot, But You Choose To Ignore It? Have you been experiencing lack of sleep at night and find yourself waking up in the wee hours of the morning to find yourself gasping for air?

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