Key messages

• Advanced Trauma Life Support protocols should be applied to the head-injured patient.

• Hypoxia must be avoided.

• Comatose patients, postoperative neurosurgical patients, patients with a changing neurological examination, intubated patients, and unstable patients should be admitted to the intensive care unit.

• Monitoring the intracranial pressure can guide therapy.

• Therapy may include mild hyperventilation, drainage of cerebrospinal fluid, osmotherapy, diuretics, hypnotics, hypothermia, and other medications.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

Have You Been Told Over And Over Again That You Snore A Lot, But You Choose To Ignore It? Have you been experiencing lack of sleep at night and find yourself waking up in the wee hours of the morning to find yourself gasping for air?

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