Introduction

The short-term outcome of renal transplantation depends on the status and management of the kidney organ donor, the warm and cold ischemia times, the circumstances surrounding organ recovery, and the recipient's surgery. Up to 10 per cent of transplanted cadaver kidneys have initial non-function, with the recipients requiring temporary post-transplant hemodialysis. Reperfusion injury, precipitated by lack of oxygen, is believed to play a major role, causing microvascular injury in solid organs after transplantation (Ar'Rajab,,,,eLĀ§/.: 1996)

Long-term outcome is more likely to be determined by immunological factors and the post-transplant immunosuppression protocols employed, as well as being influenced by other perioperative factors, particularly fluid and drug regimens. Although transplant protocols vary widely between centers, the postoperative goals are similar and include early graft function, as evidenced by immediate urine output, avoidance of post-transplant hemodialysis, short hospital stay, prevention of acute and chronic rejection, long-term function and graft survival, and an improved quality of life.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

Have You Been Told Over And Over Again That You Snore A Lot, But You Choose To Ignore It? Have you been experiencing lack of sleep at night and find yourself waking up in the wee hours of the morning to find yourself gasping for air?

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