The kidney is important in the pathogenesis of hyponatremia, but the target organ for sequelae which produce morbidity and mortality is the brain. Brain edema associated with hyponatremia can result in several devastating clinical entities, such as pulmonary edema, central diabetes insipidus, cerebral infarction, cortical blindness, and a persistent vegetative state. Seizures, coma, and death in patients with hyponatremia have been described for over 60 years, as has recovery following active treatment with hypertonic NaCl. Although it was often perceived that hyponatremic deaths were due to associated underlying medical conditions, it has become clear over the last decade that hyponatremic encephalopathy can progress to death or permanent brain damage in otherwise healthy individuals ( Fraser... and...Arieff...1990; Ayus.etal' 1992).

Supplements For Diabetics

Supplements For Diabetics

All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.

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