The intensive care unit (ICU) is a high-risk area for nosocomial infections because of both severe underlying patient disease and patient exposure to life-saving invasive procedures and interventions. Nosocomial infection in the ICU increases patient morbidity, length of stay, and hospital costs. Ventilator-associated pneumonia and bloodstream infections in particular increase mortality rates. Many infections in the ICU are due to breaches in infection control and are avoidable if appropriate policies are in place ( Pltt§L§DdllMaib.§^rih 1997.).
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