Meningitis is the most common form of intracranial infection. Acute bacterial meningitis remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. The current morbidity and mortality depend on the causative organism and the duration of symptoms prior to therapy.
Here, we review the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and approach to therapy of meningitis. We necessarily concentrate on acute bacterial meningitis, as patients with this disease will tend to be more severely ill and are more likely to require intensive care management.
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