A history should elicit what may have precipitated this diabetic crisis. The most common causes are infection, upper respiratory tract infection and gastroenteritis, or inadequate insulin therapy (Berger,aQd.,Kel|er,.1992). Check the patient's recent oral food and fluid intake, as well as his or her insulin and oral hypoglycemic drug use. Ask about other drugs, particularly illicit drugs and alcohol. Discuss the patient's normal diabetic control and diabetic complications such as nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy. A history may be available from relatives or ambulance officers if the patient is unconscious.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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