Diagnosis

Ethylene glycol in biological fluids can be determined by gas chromatography. If specific analysis is not available, the use of the anion and osmolal gaps may also point to the diagnosis (see above). An ethylene glycol concentration of 16 mmol/l (1 g/l) increases the osmolality by 16/0.93 = 17 mosmol/kgH 2O. Urine microscopy will reveal needle-shaped (most frequent) or envelope-shaped calcium oxalate crystals among different types of cast. These findings may be delayed and therefore microscopy should be repeated if the initial result is negative.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

Have You Been Told Over And Over Again That You Snore A Lot, But You Choose To Ignore It? Have you been experiencing lack of sleep at night and find yourself waking up in the wee hours of the morning to find yourself gasping for air?

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