Defense mechanisms

Cough and mucociliary transport are the most important mechanisms protecting the lung from environmental and infectious agents. Their impairment in the postoperative setting increases the risk of respiratory infection. Coughing is inhibited because of pain and the use of narcotic analgesics. Respiratory muscle dysfunction reduces the expulsive force and the effectiveness of coughing. Mucociliary clearance is reduced for 2 to 6 days after general anesthesia as a result of ciliary damage from dry anesthetic gases, increased mucus viscosity, and reduced clearance from areas of atelectasis.

Healthy Fat Loss For A Longer Life

Healthy Fat Loss For A Longer Life

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