The pathophysiology of raised ICP and its effects on cerebral perfusion are increasingly well understood. The conditions raising ICP should be considered in differential diagnosis (TaMeJ...). Since raised ICP is usually diagnosed at an earlier stage, fully developed clinical features are increasingly uncommon. Clinical signs of raised ICP are unreliable, and monitoring and control of raised ICP is essential for effective care of some neurosurgical patients.
Table 1 Causes of raised intracranial pressure
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