Complications

Complications of enteral nutrition include regurgitation and aspiration, hyperglycemia, electrolyte disturbance (especially low concentrations of potassium, phosphate, magnesium, and zinc), abdominal distension, and diarrhea. A more comprehensive list is shown in Table.2. The overall complication rate from enteral nutrition is low, and is certainly much less than that associated with parenteral nutrition. Complications can be reduced by regular observation and monitoring.

Table 2 Complications associated with enteral nutrition

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