Black, N. (1996). Why do we need observational studies to evaluate the effectiveness of health care. British Medical Journal, 312, 1215-18.
Lemeshow, S., Klar, J., and Teres, D. (1995). Outcome prediction for individual intensive care patients: useful, misused, or abused? Intensive Care Medicine, 21, 770-6. Lilford, R. and Jackson, J. (1995). Equipoise and the ethics of randomization. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 88, 552-9.
Rapoport, J., Teres, D., Lemeshow, S., and Gehlbach, S. (1994). A method for assessing the clinical performance and cost-effectiveness of intensive care units: a multicenter inception cohort study. Critical Care Medicine, 22, 1385-91.
Rowan, K. (1996). The reliability of case mix measurement in intensive care. Current Opinion in Critical Care, 2, 209-13.
Was this article helpful?