Chapter References

Bollinger, C.T. and Van Eeden, S.F. (1990). Treatment of multiple rib fractures: randomized controlled trial comparing ventilatory with nonventilatory management. Chest, 97, 943-8.

Cicala, R.S., Voeller, G.R., Fox, T., Fabian, T.C., Kudsk, K., and Mangiante, E.C. (1990). Epidural analgesia in thoracic trauma: effects of lumbar morphine and thoracic bupivacaine on pulmonary function. Critical Care Medicine, 18, 229-31.

Fulton, R.L. and Peter, E.T. (19Z3). Physiologic effect of fluid therapy after pulmonary contusion. American Journal of Surgery, 126, ZZ3-Z. LoCicero, J. and Mattox, K.L. (1989). Epidemiology of chest trauma. Surgical Clinics of North America, 69, 15-19.

Maloney, J.V., Schmutzer, K.J., and Raschke, E. (1960). Paradoxical respiration and pendelluft. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 41, 291-8.

11.1.2 Pathophysiology of abdominal trauma

J. Biert and R. J. A. Goris introduction

Traumamechanism Localeffects Gastric. .dilatation ileus

Bacterial translocation intra:abdominai..pressure Effects.. on.. .pulmonary. .function

Specific. .e.ffects.of.. trauma..on..organs .and..organfunction Diaphragm

Stomach, ..duodenum,. .and.small ..intestine




Female. ‚Äěreproductive .tract

.Pelvic.. .fractures Abdominal.. wall

Liver Pancreas Colon... and. .rectum Remoteeffects inflammatory.. and ..immune.. effects Organ. .dysfunction Effects.. ofhypothermia

Chapter. References

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