Chapter References

Cousins, M.J. (1994). Acute and postoperative pain. Id Textbook of pain (3rd edn) (ed. P.D. Wall and R. Melzack), pp. 357-85. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh.

Kehlet, H. and Dahl, J.B. (1993). The value of 'multimodal' or 'balanced analgesia' in postoperative pain treatment. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 77, 1048-56.

Liu, S., Carpenter, R.L., and Neal, J.M. (1995). Epidural anesthesia and analgesia: their role in postoperative outcome. Anesthesiology, 82, 1474-1506.

Souter, A.J., Fredman, B., and White, P.F. (1994). Controversies in the perioperative use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 79, 1178-90.

Woolf, C.J. and Chong, M. (1993). Pre-emptive analgesia—treating postoperative pain by preventing the establishment of central sensitization. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 77, 362-79.

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