Chapter References

Ayus, J.C., Armstrong, D.L., and Arieff, A.I. (1996). Effects of hypernatraemia in the central nervous system and its therapy in rats and rabbits. Journal of Physiology, 492(1), 243-55.

Long, C.A., Marin, P., Bayer, A.J., Shetty, H.G.M., and Pathy, M.S.J. (1991). Hypernatraemia in an adult in-patient population. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 67, 643-5.

Palevsky, P.M., Bhagrath, R., and Greenberg, A. (1996). Hypernatremia in hospitalized patients. Annals of Internal Medicine, 124, 197-203.

Singhal, P.C., Abramovici, M., and Venkatesan, J. (1990). Rhabdomyolysis in the hyperosmolar state. American Journal of Medicine, 88, 9-12.

Snyder, N.A., Feigal, D.W., and Arieff, A.I. (1987). Hypernatremia in elderly patients. A heterogeneous, morbid, and iatrogenic entity. Annals of Internal Medicine, 107, 309-19.

Introduction

CMnicai.settin.gs. .associatedwith .brain.. damage ..from...hyp.o.natremia

Postoperatiye. .hyponatremia Psychogenic ..polydipsia

Phaimacologi™ agents

Clinicalmanifestations.. oLhyp.onatre.mla

Hypoxiaand... hyponatremic. encephalopathy

Management.. ofhyponatremia

Asymiptomatic...hyponatremia

Symptomatichyponatremia

Indiyiduals ..most.. susceptible.. to.„hyponatre,mic.„brain..damage Possible.. complications.of. .therapy

Chapter.. References

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