Chapter References

Coderre, T.J., Katz, J., Vaccarino, A.L., and Melzack, R. (1993). Contribution of central neuroplasticity to pathological pain: review of clinical and experimental evidence. Pain, 52, 259-85. Kehlet, H. (1993). General vs. regional anesthesia. Principles and practice of anesthesiology, pp. 1218-34. Mosby Year Book, St Louis, MO. Murray, M.J. and Plevak, D.J. (1994). Analgesia in the critically ill patient. New Horizons, 2, 56-63. Schaible, H.G. and Grubb, B.D. (1993). Afferent and spinal mechanisms of joint pain. Pain, 55, 5-54.

Stein, C. (1995). Mechanisms of disease: the control of pain in peripheral tissue by opioids. New England Journal of Medicine, 332, 1685-90.

7.14.2 Assessment

Introduction Conceptsof pain Assessment ..of. pain Nociceptiyepain Neuropathic ..pain Suffering

Pain...behayior.and.. .interactions..with.. the.. environment

Chapter References

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