Chapter References

Bourke, E. and Yanagawa, N. (1993). Assessment of hyperphosphatemia and hypophosphatemia. Clinics in Laboratory Medicine, 13, 183-207. Halevy, J. and Bulvik, S. (1988). Severe hypophosphatemia in hospitalized patients. Archives of Internal Medicine, 148, 153-5.

Kruse, J., Al-Douahji, M., and Carlson, R.W. (1992). Hypophosphatemia in critically ill patients: incidence and associations. Critical Care Medicine, 20, S104.

8.3.1 Pathophysiology and causes

Introduction phys¡o!ofllcM..response..to., metabolic. ..acidosis

Buffering

Net ..acid.. .excretion Metabolism ..of. .fixed ..acids Effects. .ofmetabolic.. acidosis Pathogenesisof. .different.. forms ..of. metabolic. .acidosis

Increasedanio.n.gaR .metabolic.„a,cid,oses Normal. .anion. .g,aE..metabollc,.. acidosis Chapter.. references

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