Chapter References

International Organization for Standards (1992). ISO 9360/1992(E). Anesthetic and respiratory equipment—heat and moisture exchangers for use in humidifying respired gases in humans, pp. 1-9.

Martin, C., Perrin, G., Gevaudan, M. J., Saux, P., and Gouin, F. (1990). Heat and moisture exchangers and vaporizing humidifiers in the intensive care unit. Chest, 97, 144-9.

Martin, C., Papazian, L., Perrin, G., Bantz, P., and Gouin, F. (1992). Performance evaluation of three vaporizing humidifiers and two heat and moisture exchangers in patients with minute ventilation >10 l/min. Chest, 102, 1347-50.

Rathgeber, J., Zuchner, K., and Burchardi, H. (1996). Conditioning of air in mechanically ventilated patients. In Yearbook of intensive care and emergency medicine (ed. J.-L. Vincent). Springer,

Berlin.

Shelly, M.P., Lloyd, G.M., and Park, G.R. (1988). A review of the mechanisms and methods of humidification of inspired gases. Intensive Care Medicine, 14, 1-9

Thomachot, L., Viviand, X., and Martin, C. (1995). Humidification et réchauffement des gaz inspirés. In Principe de réanimation chirurgicale (ed. J.-L. Pourriat and C. Martin), pp. 121-6. Arnette

Blackwell, Paris.

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